Last edited: 19.3.2024

Financial Risk Management

The Group’s activities expose it to a variety of financial risks: market risk (including foreign exchange risk and cash flow interest rate risk), credit risk and liquidity risk. The Group’s overall risk management program focuses to seek to identify and mitigate potential risks arising from financial markets, customer transactions and liquidity requirements.

Risks are identified, assessed, and mitigated as a part of daily management routines. Majority of Group financing is done by Robit Plc, minor investments or working capital needs may be financed locally.

The Board of Directors provides principles for overall risk management, as well as policies covering specific areas, such as foreign exchange risk, interest rate risk, credit risk and use of derivative financial instruments.

Market risk

Foreign exchange risk

The following table demonstrates the sensitivity to a reasonably possible change in the functional currency against the quote currency, with all other variables held constant, of the Group’s profit before tax and equity due to changes in the fair value of financial assets and liabilities. A reasonably possible change is assumed to be a 10% functional currency appreciation or depreciation against the quote currency. A change of a different magnitude can also be estimated reasonably accurately because the sensitivity is nearly linear.

31 December 2023 31 December 2022
Functional currency Functional currency
10 % stronger 10 % weaker 10 % stronger 10 % weaker
EUR thousand Income statement Income statement Income statement Income statement
Functional currency/Quote currency
EUR/USD -319 319 -1 580 1 580
EUR/AUD -111 111 -4 4
EUR/GBP 47 -47 69 -69
EUR/KRW 582 -582 669 -669
EUR/ZAR -196 196 -376 376

Cash flow interest rate risk

The Group’s interest rate risk arises from long-term borrowings. Majority of the Group’s loans are with variables interest rate which expose the Group to cash flow interest rate risk. During the presented periods, the Group’s borrowings at variable rate were denominated in Euro and South Korean Won.

On 31 December 2023, if interest rates had been 50 basis points higher with all other variables held constant, post-tax profit for the year would have been EUR 136 thousand lower as a result of higher interest expense on floating rate interest-bearing liabilities. Interest rate sensitivity has been calculated by shifting the interest curve by 50 basis points. The interest position includes all external variable rate interest-bearing liabilities.

31 December 2023 31 December 2022
Interest rate Interest rate
0,5 % higher 0,5 % lower 0,5 % higher 0,5 %
EUR thousand Income statement Income statement Income statement Income statement
Impact of interest change -136 136 -132 132

Credit risk

Credit risk arises mainly from cash and cash equivalents and credit exposures to customers from outstanding receivables. Credit risk on cash and cash equivalents is managed at group level. Cash and cash equivalents are held in reputable mainly Nordic banks. Each local entity is responsible for managing the credit risk for their account receivables balances. The local entities have the responsibility to analyse the credit standing of each of their new clients before standard payment and delivery terms and conditions are offered.

Before accepting a customer, the customer’s ability to pay the purchase transactions is carefully estimated through analysing customer’s financial statements and current market position. Credit risk countering payment methods such as letter of credit and advance payments are used in high-risk regions. The Group has been able to collect also significantly overdue receivables eventually.

The maximum exposure to the credit risk at the reporting dates are the carrying values of each class of financial assets mentioned above.

The Group only has one type of financial assets subject to the expected credit loss model: trade receivables from sales of product and maintenance services. Although cash and cash equivalents and liabilities recognised at amortised cost are also subject to impairment testing under IFRS 9, the impairment loss observed is not material.

Based on this, entries reducing the carrying amount of trade receivables were made, amounting to EUR 702 thousand in the end of financial year 2023 and EUR 529 thousand in the end of financial year 2022.

Liquidity risk

Cash flow forecasting is performed in the Group’s finance function. Group finance function monitors the Group’s liquidity requirements weekly to ensure it has sufficient cash to meet operational needs while always maintaining sufficient headroom on its undrawn committed facilities. Cash and cash equivalents amounted to EUR 12 829 thousand as of 31 December 2023 (2022: EUR 7 688 thousand). Operating cash flows and liquid funds are the main source of financing for the future payments together with possible new debt or equity financing.

Covenants on the Group’s interest-bearing financial liability drawn-down in 2021 are monitored regularly. The financial covenants are the equity ratio and the net debt in relation to EBITDA. The minimum equity ratio is agreed to be 32.5%. Minimum net debt to adjusted EBITDA ratio was defined to be 3.5 on 31 December 2023 review date. The covenant of Robit Oyj’s financing agreement, interest-bearing net debt/EBITDA, was 3.81 and thus has not fulfilled the terms of the financing agreement as of 31 December 2023. The company has agreed with its main financier that the Other financial assets will be taken into account in the calculation of net liabilities and has received upfront consents from its main financier to break the covenant.

The Group’s equity ratio 48.5 % as of 31 December 2023 (2022: 46.5%) is strong and the Group is able to draw external financing in case that operational cash flows are not sufficient. The Group does not invest actively surplus cash held. The Group’s target is to achieve both organic and structural growth and cash balances are directed to those purposes.

Capital management

Robit defines capital as equity plus borrowings, as shown on the balance sheet per 31 December 2023, EUR 77,836 thousand (2021 EUR 86,827 thousand). Robit’s capital management’s target is to keep capital structure that supports the business by ensuring the operating conditions and to increase shareholder value by aiming at a competitive return on invested capital. The capital structure shall cover both current and future business needs, as well as ensure competitive cost of financing. Robit board monitors equity ratio and net interestbearing debt to EBITDA ratio, which are the covenant terms according to Robit Plc’s financing agreement. The equity ratio is calculated as shareholders’ equity divided by total assets less advances received. The company has agreed with its main financier that Other financial assets are included in the calculation of Net liabilities.

The capital structure can be affected, among other things, by the dividend distribution and share issues. If necessary, Robit can acquire own shares and issue new shares in accordance with mandates by General Meeting. The Group’s equity ratio was 48.5 (2022: 46.5) per cent and the ratio of net debt to adjusted EBITDA was 3.81 as of 31 December 2023, calculated as per the covenant terms of the financing agreement of the parent company.

Cooperation with banks is based on long-term banking relationships. In the long-term, goal is to service Robit’s loan obligations by operating cash flow. During the phase of rapid growth, capital may be acquired both equity and debt financing terms.